Born in Haiti; came to Canada in 1968.
Studied comparative literature at the Université de Montréal; taught modern languages at the Université; worked in shelters for female victims of domestic violence and helped establish a network of emergency shelters in Quebec and across Canada.
Television journalist, past anchor and host of news programs on CBC Newsworld and Radio-Canada.
Former Governor General of Canada, from 2005 to 2010; first black woman to be named governor general.
UNESCO special envoy for Haiti.
Named chancellor of the University of Ottawa, replacing Huguette Labelle who has been chancellor of the university for 17 years.